Beautiful countryside construction is the basis and difficulty of beautiful Chinese construction. At present, the research on the construction of beautiful countryside in China is mainly carried out from three aspects: theory, practice and foreign experience. Most of the research focuses on the existing problems and misunderstandings of the construction of beautiful countryside, policy recommendations and institutional innovation and other practical issues, a small number of studies related to the beautiful countryside construction of the theoretical basis, evaluation index system, construction model and related mechanisms and other theoretical issues. On the whole, the study on beautiful countryside construction is still at the initial stage in our country, and its theoretical research need to be further strengthened. Therefore, efforts to construct a theoretical system based on the practice of beautiful rural construction on the land of China will be the inheritance and richness of the theory of rural construction and the construction of ecological civilization.