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Practice Exploration of “Separation of Three Rights” of Homestead in Ethnical Tourism Areas: A Case Study of Dali City
Yipiao TIAN, Wangke LIAO
 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202008034
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 694KB](0)
The reform of “separation of three rights” on homestead not only the important contents of the rural land system reform, but also an important starting point to activate the rural development power and realize the rural revitalization. Ethnical tourism areas faced with some common problems on rural homestead, such as the incomplete system of obtaining, using and withdrawing homestead, and the difficulty of implementing usufruct. At the same time, due to the special natural environment, cultural heritage and tourism development, serious problems such as the absence of homestead planning and supervision, the illegal use of “one family with morehouses” , “less approval and more construction” , as well as the spontaneous transfer and change of functional use are exposed. In view of the above situations, Dali has explored the reform path by clarifying the main body and building a complete power, defining “household” and “house” and implementing classified disposal, ensuring stability and broadening the scope of circulation and application. Based on the analyses, this paper summarizes four reform experiences: emphasizing on the subjective role and improving the supervision system of homestead, clarifying the relationship and concept of “people” , “household” and “house” , implementing classified disposal to resolve problems left over by history, liberalizing the use right of homestead according to the local conditions.
Calculation and Influencing Factors of Corn Production Technical Efficiency in China: Based on the Perspective of Land Transfer
 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007083
[Abstract](63) [FullText HTML](34) [PDF 669KB](16)
Based on the panel data of 20 provinces (autonomous regions) planting corn in China from 2004 to 2018, this paper estimates the technical efficiency of maize production in China by using DEA method, and discusses the influencing factors based on the perspective of land transfer and qualitative comparative analysis. The results showed that there were significant differences in maize production technology efficiency and land transfer degree among regions in China. The degree of land transfer and agricultural machinery service had a significant positive impact on corn production technology efficiency, and the aging rate of rural labor force had a significant negative impact on maize production efficiency. The education level of rural residents, the disaster rate of crops, the degree of employment and the suitability of planting corn have no significant influence on the technical efficiency of corn production. Based on the research conclusion, the paper suggests that the corn production and farmers’ income can be increased by adjusting the planting structure, promoting the revitalization of rural talents, ensuring the land circulation, accelerating the process of agricultural machinery extension, and improving the corn production and farmers’ income.
The Potential Assessment and Environment Benefit Analysis of Agricultural Biomass Power Generation in China
Shengyi ZHANG, Jie ZHANG, Tong WANG, Mingyue CHEN
 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007064
[Abstract](60) [FullText HTML](17) [PDF 794KB](0)
In order to evaluate the potential of agricultural biomass power generation and the environmental benefits of emission reduction in China, the theoretical and actual available quantities of agricultural biomass resources in China are estimated by using the relevant statistical data and combining with the relevant grass to grain ratio coefficient and the resource availability coefficient. The low calorific value of all kinds of agricultural biomass resources is calculated to evaluate their power generation potential. Based on the LCA theory, the environmental benefits of emission reduction are calculated according to the emission reduction of various resources and pollutants and their resource and environmental values. The research results show that in 2018, China’ s net surplus of agricultural biomass power generation potential is 14 051.38 MW, and the environmental benefit of emission reduction is 14 943 139.79 Yuan. The priority should be given to the distribution of agricultural biomass power generation industry in areas with good resource endowment and development conditions, and the positive externalities of agricultural biomass power generation should be compensated. Specifically, it should: (1)Integrate the disordered state of the supply side and give full play to the advantages of resources;(2)Attach importance to resource endowment and development conditions, and follow the principle of development according to local conditions;(3)Compensate the positive externality of agricultural biomass power generation and actively introduce CDM projects.
Rural Revitalization
Analysis of Influencing Factors of New Energy Technology Innovation Promotion in Jiangsu Province from the Perspective of Rural Revitalization
2021, 15(3): 1-7.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007059
[Abstract](67) [FullText HTML](35) [PDF 847KB](10)
The rural revitalization strategy requires further optimization and improvement of rural new energy supply structure, which also requires the improvement of its technological innovation. Therefore, after studying the significance of rural new energy and its technological upgrading, the development status of rural new energy technology innovation in Jiangsu province is studied. Then on the basis of literature review and questionnaire survey, eight influencing factors of two dimensions affecting technological innovation ability are constructed, and an evaluation model for rural new energy technological innovation in Jiangsu province is established. This article employs the DEMATEL method to further study the interrelationships between the influencing factors, and figures out the key factors involving government intervention, talents and technology and innovation, so as to propose three major upgrade strategies: the government should play an intervention role, the company itself to increase talent and technology investment, and pay attention to the new energy industry production and research.
Coupling and Coordination of Rural Rejuvenation and Rural Tourism in Altay Region of Xinjiang
Lili HU, Cuilin LI
2021, 15(3): 8-13.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007043
[Abstract](79) [FullText HTML](36) [PDF 753KB](13)
Taking Altay region as the research object, a comprehensive evaluation system of rural revitalization system and rural tourism system is constructed, and the weight of the system evaluation indexes is calculated by using entropy method. Based on the coupled coordination model, the level of coupling coordination between rural revitalization and rural tourism in the Altay region is analyzed. And the following conclusions were obtained: During the period of 2007—2019, the comprehensive evaluation index of the rural revitalization system and rural tourism system in Altay region increased year by year, and the coupling coordination degree also showed a growth trend, from a severe imbalance stage to a moderate coordination stage, to achieve a leap growth, but has yet to achieve high-quality coordination. Therefore, the Altay region should further promote the sustainable development of rural tourism in the Altay region by tapping the region’ s potential tourism resource potential, accelerating rural public infrastructure and services, introducing talents, developing tourism products, and innovating rural tourism marketing models. The regional poverty alleviation mission provides strong support in order to eventually achieve the rural revitalization of Altay region.
Agricultural Social Science
The Status Quo and Countermeasures of “Migrant People” in Bama, Guangxi: Based on an Expanded Clinical Perspective
Yongqiang HAN, Hui ZHANG
2021, 15(3): 14-20.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007001
[Abstract](78) [FullText HTML](18) [PDF 684KB](2)
The group of Migratory People in Bama County of Guangxi Province are for the purpose of seeking survival or living comfort, and mimic the seasonal migration of migratory birds, facing the problems of life integration and social integration in the local area. Based on the extended clinical perspective of Pallassana·R·Balgopal, participate in observations and in-depth interviews with Migratory People, it is found that migratory bird people face local life difficulties at the individual level, support difficulties at the group level and development difficulties at the institutional environment level. In this regard, this article proposes intervention measures from the four dimensions of micro individual (p−e), macro group (P−e), micro environment (p−E) and macro environment (P−E), in order to realize the benign interaction between migratory bird groups and local people, government and environment.
Social Capital Promote the Happiness of Migrant Workers:Based on CLDS 2016
Hui XIAO, Longjunjiang HUANG, Fangting XIE
2021, 15(3): 21-27, 95.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202006103
[Abstract](69) [FullText HTML](40) [PDF 682KB](11)
In the framework of improving the quality of urbanization and carrying out the new urbanization construction of people-oriented, the happiness of migrant workers and its influencing factors are of great significance to the balanced development of society. This paper, based on CLDS 2016 data, constructs multiple disorder Logistic models, and empirically analyzes the impact of social network, social trust and social mutual assistance on the well-being of migrant workers. The research found that social network, social trust and social mutual assistance have positive effects on the well-being of migrant workers, among which social trust has the greatest influence. Education can improve the happiness of migrant workers, but there is a “inverted U” structure; in the county workers are positive to happiness, women ’s happiness is significantly higher than men. Therefore, it puts forward policy suggestions such as developing compulsory basic education in rural areas, encouraging migrant workers to participate in the activities of community organizations, establishing good neighborhood relations, widening the social network of migrant workers, and improving the social capital level of employees.
The Impact of the Satisfaction over the Public Service on Migrant Workers’ Sense of Belonging to the City
Lijiao SUN, Bifen ZHOU
2021, 15(3): 28-34.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007017
[Abstract](37) [FullText HTML](50) [PDF 654KB](5)
It is an inevitable requirement for the development of both the city and the society to the promotion over the integration of migrant workers into the city. While the decision of migrant workers whether to stay in the city or not is greatly influenced by their sense of belonging to the city. The main problem that was studied in this paper was the impact of the satisfaction over the public services on migrant workers’ sense of belonging to city as well as its gender differences. Also, the data from the survey over the migrant workers’ employment and inclusion into the city in Fujian Province was adopted in this paper, and the ordinal logistic regression model was adopted for the analysis in this paper. The main conclusions drawn from this paper were listed as follows: People’ s satisfaction with medical services, employment services and housing security has a significant positive impact on their sense of belonging to the city; People’ s satisfaction on children’ s education has non-significant negative impact on their sense of belonging to the city; Male migrant workers’ satisfaction on medical service and employment service has a significant positive impact on their sense of belonging to the city; And also female migrant workers’ satisfaction on employment service and housing security has a significant positive impact on their sense of belonging to the city.
Research on the Dilemma of Rural Family Pension in Guizhou During the Process of Urbanization
Fushuai WANG
2021, 15(3): 35-40.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007080
[Abstract](96) [FullText HTML](41) [PDF 658KB](7)
The rural elderly can no longer exchange for living security through labor, while the traditional rural pension model is difficult to maintain the demand of the elderly. In the process of urban-rural integration in Guizhou, the rural elderly are facing the problems of shortage of living resources and unbalanced distribution of public resources. Through the analysis of the difficulties and causes of rural family pension, this paper establishes a long-term and effective rural social pension mechanism from the government led multi-party participation, traditional filial piety culture guidance and education, stimulating the endogenous motivation of family pension and actively introducing the market-oriented pension mode, so as to promote the healthy development of rural pension.
The Behavior Orientation and Behavior Result of Rural Service Subjects:Based on the Investigation of Village D in C City of Hebei Province
Haifei WANG, Xueju LIU, Jinming SUN
2021, 15(3): 41-47.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007023
[Abstract](40) [FullText HTML](20) [PDF 628KB](4)
This article takes village D in C city of Hebei Province as a case, using field research method, based on the two dimensions of provide old-age service supply or provide old-age demand, to explore the behavioral orientation and role of government departments, families, markets, as well as community and voluntary departments. We found, government departments mainly supplement the needs of elderly care services through policy welfare funds. However, the rural elderly have a strong sense of savings and a sense of family responsibility, and their use of it to improve the quality of their old-age care is really limited. In addition, households, pension markets and traditional community volunteer departments have weakened and insufficient supply functions in the provision of pension services. Therefore, we propose that while strengthening the gravitational construction of external behaviors, we also need to tap the inherent tension of the behavior of rural pensioners.
Agricultural Economics
Study on Spatial Clustering and Correlation of Multidimensional Poverty
Yujie LIU
2021, 15(3): 48-54.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007008
[Abstract](42) [FullText HTML](21) [PDF 1314KB](2)
Regional multidimensional poverty is an important direction of China’ s poverty reduction after 2020, and also an important content of theoretical research on poverty reduction. Based on the 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016 and 2018, the related data of 31 provinces, cities and autonomous regions nationwide, using principal component analysis, system cluster analysis and Moran’ s I index analysis method to study the various provincial regional spatial clustering of multidimensional poverty and its correlation, in order to analyze our country regional spatial characteristic and regional difference of multidimensional poverty. The results show that there are differences in the degree of multi-dimensional poverty in various regions of China, among which Beijing and other regions have gradually got rid of multi-dimensional poverty, Tibet and other regions have serious multi-dimensional poverty, and other regions have shown multi-dimensional poverty in different degrees. At the same time, there is a spatial autocorrelation between the multidimensional poverty in different regions. On this basis, the paper puts forward some Suggestions on spatial and multidimensional poverty management.
Research on the Impact of Cooperatives on the Production Benefits of Small Farmers: Based on the Investigation and Analysis of Anhui Tea Industry
Qiaoling FANG, Qiyun SHI
2021, 15(3): 55-60.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007089
[Abstract](54) [FullText HTML](24) [PDF 778KB](3)
Taking tea growers in Huangshan and Lu’ an in Anhui as the research samples, the relationship between their farmers’ professional cooperatives and the production benefits of farmers was studied.The results show that whether to participate in the cooperative has an impact on the farmers’ total income, and on the total cost and total profit is not significant; the level of mechanization is positively correlated with the total cost and total income of farmers; the scale of tea, labor input and technical guidance are also positively correlated with total costs and total income, and the level of education is negatively correlated with total costs; market distance is positive for farmer. The impact of production efficiency is not significant. In this regard, the following suggestions are put forward: strengthen cooperation with the government and agricultural departments, increase capital investment; improve the organizational system of cooperatives, and focus on talent training; strengthen the brand building of cooperatives and improve product quality.
Comprehensive Evaluation of the Development Quality of Low Carbon Agriculture in Guangxi by Factor Analysis and Entropy Method
Aiping KUANG, Chao HU
2021, 15(3): 61-69.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202006098
[Abstract](131) [FullText HTML](49) [PDF 1144KB](30)
This article provides reference and suggestions for the high-quality development of low-carbon agriculture in Guangxi, through the comprehensive evaluation of the development quality of low-carbon agriculture, from the four dimensions of agricultural economic and social development, factor reduction investment, energy and low-carbon utilization, resource and environmental security, the evaluation index system of low-carbon agricultural development quality in Guangxi was constructed. On the basis of measuring the agricultural carbon emissions in Guangxi, the public factors were extracted and named by factor analysis method, and the entropy method was used to empower the public factors, and the low-carbon agriculture in Guangxi from 2000 to 2018 was calculated Comprehensive score and ranking of industrial development quality. Since 2000, the development quality of low-carbon agriculture in Guangxi has been improved year by year, which has experienced three periods: starting, upgrading and taking off. This is related to the steady development of Guangxi’s agricultural economy and society in recent years, the continuous improvement of factor utilization and environmental safety, and the continuous improvement of agricultural energy utilization efficiency. The public factors of agricultural economic and social development are affecting the development of low-carbon agriculture in Guangxi. The comprehensive score of quality plays a more important role than factor utilization, environmental safety factor and agricultural energy efficiency factor. We must give full play to Guangxi’s late development advantages, extend the agricultural industry chain, build a long-term mechanism of factor utilization and environmental safety management system, develop rural renewable energy, improve the efficiency of agricultural energy utilization, so as to achieve high-quality development of low-carbon agriculture in Guangxi.
The Impact of Technical Barriers to Trade on China’ s Agricultural Exports: Empirical Analysis Based on The Belt and Road Initiative Countries
Min HE, Xiaoyi ZHANG
2021, 15(3): 70-76.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007053
[Abstract](98) [FullText HTML](46) [PDF 801KB](6)
This paper illustrates the TBT situation along The Belt and Road Initiative and estimates the impact of these TBT measures to Chinese agricultural export from 2004 to 2018. The results show that: (1) TBT notification in West Asia Region is the most active, with strict requirements on dairy products, meat products and other food standards. Southeast Asian countries lies the next place, while they emphasis the label design of alcoholic beverages, the inspection and quarantine of fresh fruits, poultry and other products, as well as the mode of transportation. There are relatively less TBT notification in South Asia, Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. (2) According to the estimation of trade gravity model, agricultural exports to The Belt and Road Initiative Countries will reduce by 0.003 percentage if TBT increase by 1 percent. Therefore, it is suggested to establish the The and Road Initiative TBT database, and promote the mutual recognition and consultation mechanism of technical standards, and guide enterprises to actively deal with TBT.
The Dependence of Japanese Market on Four Kinds of Edible Fungi in China: Base on the Comparison of Edible Fungi Market in Japan Among China, America and Korea
2021, 15(3): 77-81.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202006094
[Abstract](72) [FullText HTML](37) [PDF 701KB](4)
Based on the trade data from 2009 to 2018 in UN Comtrade, the export status of edible fungi was compared and analyzed from China, America, Korea to Japan. With the combination of the importance of China, America, Korea in the world’ s edible fungi market, the dependence coefficient was used to analyze the dependence of Japan on edible fungi in the above countries, and the conclusion and suggestions are put forward.
Land Management
The Farmer’ s Land Emotion and Its Dual Function in Land Expropriation
Jun CHENG, Yuzhen LIU
2021, 15(3): 82-88.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202011102
[Abstract](59) [FullText HTML](44) [PDF 705KB](7)
Emotion is a kind of relatively stable and profound feeling and experience of human beings and it is usually related to whether people’ s needs are met. Farmers’ land emotion is a kind of sustained and stable inner psychological experience, which refers to people’ s long-term possession and using of land, and which formed in the process of providing employment, income and social security for people. In the practice of land expropriation and land circulation, land emotion has an important impact, but it has been ignored in varying degrees. Based on the field investigation and literature review, this paper expounds the connotation of land emotion and its transformation mechanism in the process of land expropriation, and further innovatively analyzes the role of primary land emotion and secondary land emotion. This research shows that farmers’ land emotions do exist and will further affect farmers’ land actions. Therefore, farmers’ land emotions should be incorporated into the relevant policy formulation and implementation process, so as to better promote the farmland acquisition and transfer, and promote the coordinated development of urban and rural economy.
The Law Path of “Implementing Collective Ownership of Homestead” under the Background of Three Rights Separation
Yating YANG, Simin WANG
2021, 15(3): 89-95.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007050
[Abstract](58) [FullText HTML](35) [PDF 722KB](4)
Under the background of the “three rights separation” reform of homesteads, it is of unique value to discuss “implementing collective land ownership” . Due to the burden of social security functions and the vagueness of laws and regulations and restrictions on the power of homesteads, the problem of homestead ownership has long been a problem. This article examines the practical predicament of the implementation of homestead ownership from the perspectives of legal policies and practical risks, and takes the exploration and practice of homestead reform as the object of observation. Aiming at the dilemma of the rights subject and rights boundary, the excessive restriction of right, and the failure to effectively distinguish the management functions in the process of “three rights separation” of homesteads, the author puts forward the rule of law approaches such as clarifying the subject of collective land ownership and perfecting the realization method of homestead ownership.
Evaluation of the Relationship between Urbanization Development and Land Ecological Security in Anhui Province Based on the Coupling Coordination Model
Tao ZHANG, Zhongxiang YU, Yanyan GE, Feier REN, Zhenxiang WU, Yongbo ZHANG, Yijun CAO
2021, 15(3): 96-103.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007082
[Abstract](62) [FullText HTML](36) [PDF 893KB](2)
Urbanization is an inevitable product of social and economic development, and land ecological security is one of the important contents of the construction of ecological civilization. The acceleration of the process of urbanization has made land ecological security more and more concerned. Based on the entropy method and the coupling coordination degree model, this article analyzes the comprehensive evaluation index and coupling coordination degree of urbanization development and land ecological security in Anhui Province from 2000 to 2018, and uses the gray prediction model to predict. The results show that: (1) Anhui Province urbanization and the development level of land ecological security shows an obvious upward trend from 2000 to 2018, and it is the lagging type of land ecological security at this stage; (2) The comprehensive evaluation index of urbanization and land ecological security has steadily increased, the coupling degree is in an antagonistic state, and the two systems are coupled and coordinated, the type has gradually evolved from extreme imbalance and recession to primary coordinated development; (3) It is predicted that the degree of coordination between urbanization and land ecological security in Anhui Province will steadily increase from 2019 to 2023, and it may reach a level of good coordinated development in 2023. In order to promote the coordinated development of urbanization and land ecological security in Anhui Province, it is recommended to optimize the industrial structure, transform the economic development mode, increase environmental protection investment, and establish an integrated development concept.
Exploring the Summary of the Assessment Current Situation of the Development and Protection of Territorial Space in Huoshan County of Anhui
Wenwen ZHANG, Jun CAI, Xiaoyu ZHOU
2021, 15(3): 104-110.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007015
[Abstract](39) [FullText HTML](39) [PDF 712KB](4)
The purpose of this paper is to ensure the scientific preparation of the assessment plan for the development and protection of territorial space in Huoshan County of Anhui, exploring summary of the assessment current situation. Methods of literature analysis was employed. The results show that: according to the requirements of evaluation, the basic outline of Huoshan County’ s current situation evaluation was obtained; the index system of “controlling, efficiency, objective sign and characteristic” was constructed based on Huoshan County’ s local characteristics. In conclusion, this appraisal summary of the assessment current situation provides the certain reference for the Huoshan County of Anhui territorial space development protection present situation appraisal, however, the specific implementation regulations of the current situation assessment plan still need to be further discussed and proved by the academic community, and the evaluation system should be further improved to provide a support for the scientific compilation of territorial space planning and the demarcation of three zones and three lines.
Rural Governance
Cultivating New Rural Talents: the New Choice of Rural Primary Party Organizations Leaders
Shuai YANG, Min LI, Shulan LIU
2021, 15(3): 111-116.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007005
[Abstract](81) [FullText HTML](50) [PDF 699KB](12)
To achieve rural revitalization, the revitalization of rural primary party organizations is the guarantee, and the key to the revitalization of rural primary party organizations lies in the cultivation of leaders. In the process of rural transformation, the leaders of rural party organizations are faced with the dilemma of weakening the cultivation subject, marginalizing the comprehensive quality and the degradation of the political consciousness of some leaders of rural party organizations. As the cultivation object of the leaders of rural party organizations, xinxiangxian can provide talent support for rural party organizations, enhance the spiritual cohesion of rural party organizations and play the role of the battle fortress of rural party organizations. To give full play to the role of new rural talents in rural party organizations, we must improve the system and mechanism to cultivate new rural talents, unite new rural talents with nostalgia as the link, and improve the incentive methods to attract new rural talents.
On the Main Role of Farmers in Rural Governance in the New Era
Yuting JI, Xingming ZHENG
2021, 15(3): 117-122.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007016
[Abstract](105) [FullText HTML](35) [PDF 644KB](8)
In the new era of rural governance, farmers are one of the indispensable subjects. To play the main role of farmers, it is necessary to give full play to their subjective initiative in participating in rural governance, and to become the beneficiaries and evaluators of the achievements of rural governance. However, in the current rural governance, the main position of farmers is lack, mainly manifested in the lack of farmers’ main rights, poor channels of participation, lack of motivation, ability, and so on. Its internal motivation lies in the solidification of the management system of urban and rural dualism, the improper management of grass-roots party organizations, the backward development of rural economy, and the low level of rural education. Based on this, we must respect the wishes and initiative of farmers and improve the villagers’ self-reliance governing organizations, speeding up the development of rural economy, cultivating new type of professional farmers and other links to give full play to the main role of farmers.
Investigation on the Quality of Female Village Cadres in Multiracial Region under the Background of Villager Autonomy
Wenping SU, Gang LI, Zexin GU
2021, 15(3): 123-126, 138.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202006113
[Abstract](64) [FullText HTML](44) [PDF 597KB](6)
Through questionnaire survey and interviews with female village cadres coming from 101 villages in Yunnan province. The results show that female village cadres have good political quality, strong sense of service and good mass base. But there have some drawbacks, such as education level and comprehensive ability are still low. The ability of administration according to law and market economy are weak, lack of innovation spirit and ability to respond to emergencies and other issues. Based on these reasons, put forward some suggestions on how to choose cadres, improve the system construction, improve the education and the rural information construction.
The Superiority of Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics
Furong ZENG
2021, 15(3): 127-131.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202008029
[Abstract](78) [FullText HTML](63) [PDF 585KB](10)
The Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics is the product of the combination of Marxist theory and the specific situation of China’ s revolution, development and construction. Its superiority is reflected in all aspects of China’ s Road Development and the fundamental guarantee of the supremacy of the people. The practical development of the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics further proves the scientific truth of Marxist theory, the superiority of the centralized leadership of the Communist Party of China, and the great advantages of the reform and practice of the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics.
The Realistic Dilemma and Path Choice of Realizing “Human Urbanization” in the New Era:Enlightenment from Marx and Engels’ Urban Rural Integration Thought
Lin ZHANG, Xingming ZHENG
2021, 15(3): 132-138.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007026
[Abstract](55) [FullText HTML](19) [PDF 721KB](4)
The basic value orientation of Marx and Engels’ thought of urban and rural integration is to always pay attention to people’ s interests and strive to realize people’ s free and all-round development. At present, China is faced with some difficulties in the process of human urbanization, which are mainly reflected in the difficulties in the identity transformation of peasant workers in the household registration system, labor division dilemma of the semi-farming and semi-working of peasant workers’ families, and the difficulties in the psychological “urbanization” of migrant workers. The urbanization of people is an integral part of the overall development of people in the new era. In order to realize the urbanization of human beings, it is necessary to establish a people-oriented concept and improve the residence permit system, strengthen the construction of small and medium-sized towns and promote urban-rural integration; improve the multiple guarantee mechanism for farmers whose land has been expropriated; guide the political participation of migrant workers to meet their multi-level needs.
Higher Pedagogy
Rational Thinking on the Unbalanced Flow of University Teachers
Dan HUANG, Ying TANG, Saixi SONG, Donglin TIAN
2021, 15(3): 139-144.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202006066
[Abstract](58) [FullText HTML](84) [PDF 620KB](2)
Over the past 70 years since the founding of the People’ s Republic of China, the flow of college teachers in my country has generally gone through four stages: “government-led” “market participation” “market guidance” and “market-led” . From the initial obvious flow of talents at all levels to the obvious flow within the current high-level talent occupations, the “Matthew Effect” and “Cumulative Advantage Effect” in the flow of talents between colleges and universities in our country have become more apparent.The imbalance of the flow of teachers in colleges and universities, it is mainly caused by the uneven accumulation of regional development, the long-term quantification of evaluation indicators, the insufficient construction of teachers’ responsibilities and responsibilities, the lack of local support policy construction, and the lack of internal mechanisms for talent training. Based on the above crux, we can consider starting from a sense of honor and endogenous responsibility, forming a talent training mechanism in the school, relying on policy support, planning talent demand and introduction, guided by differentiated evaluation indicators, and establishing a classification assessment and evaluation mechanism.
The Grouping Teaching Mode of Ideological and Political Theory Course in Agricultural and Forestry Universities: A Case Study of Six Agricultural and Forestry Universities in China
Xingyu CHEN, Chunyong ZHANG
2021, 15(3): 145-149.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007012
[Abstract](61) [FullText HTML](24) [PDF 603KB](10)
The Ideological and political work in colleges and universities is related to what kind of people they train, how to train people and for whom they train people. However, the Ideological and Political Theory Course (hereinafter referred to as “ideological and political course” ) in colleges and universities is the main channel for ideological and political education of college students, enhancing the affinity and pertinence of “ideological and political course” , and bringing students a real sense of gain, to be the main task of “ideological and political course” in colleges and universities. Agricultural and forestry colleges and universities in the “ideological and political course” in the teaching of common colleges and universities have their own characteristics. Therefore, through the investigation of six agricultural and forestry universities in China, we find the characteristics of ideological and political course teaching in agricultural and forestry universities, and put forward a targeted teaching reform method, group teaching, finally, improve the effectiveness of ideological and Political Education in agricultural and forestry universities.
The Path of Practical Teaching of Ideological and Political Theory Courses: A Case Study from Yunnan Y University
Mengru SHEN, Zhaochang REN
2021, 15(3): 150-155.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202007024
[Abstract](64) [FullText HTML](34) [PDF 714KB](4)
Practical teaching of Ideological and Political Theory Courses is an important teaching link and means to shape students’ thinking. Based on Y University’ s years of operation model and network surveys and peer evaluations in the past three years, this paper empirically analyzes the feasible paths for practical teaching of Ideological and Political Theory Courses in colleges and universities. The conclusions are: this model solves the problem that has long plagued the practical teaching of Ideological and Political Theory Courses; the practical teaching of well-established Ideological and Political Theory Courses is more popular with students, and most students actively participate in the teaching module because they gain knowledge and abilities from it. It is proved that this model has found the basic path to the “other shore” .
The Application of Literature Introduction Method in Practice of “Curriculum Ideology and Politics” in the Course of Crop Breeding
Ran TANG, Ping ZHOU, Zixian ZHAO, Huachun GUO
2021, 15(3): 156-161.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202006091
[Abstract](58) [FullText HTML](49) [PDF 769KB](16)
The “Curriculum Ideology and Politics” is one of the important contents of General Secretary XI Jinping’ s educational discourse, but for specialized courses of agronomy, its fundamental task of establishing morality and cultivating people in colleges and universities has not yet been fully reflected. According to the status quo of agricultural professionals training and taking the course of Crop Breeding as the case, the team integrates the “diversified” , “implicit” and “characteristic” ideological and political elements into the course through the teaching method of literature introduction. Besides, it explores the application of literature introduction method in the practice of “Curriculum Ideology and Politics” in Crop Breeding, gives play to the role of specialized agricultural courses in “moral education” and “intellectual education” , and provides a reference for the construction of “Curriculum Ideology and Politics” of agricultural specialized courses.
On the Current Situation, Predicament and Development of Tourism Management Talents Training in Agricultural and Forestry Universities
Yulian DING
2021, 15(3): 162-166.   doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-390X(s).202006089
[Abstract](89) [FullText HTML](34) [PDF 694KB](8)
Based on the current situation of tourism management major in 32 typical agricultural and forestry universities in China, the thesis points out that there are some problems in reality, such as the same training goal, few distinctive courses of agriculture and forestry, weak and marginal position of the subject, existing market-oriented and popular major, and puts forward: we should stick to “minor differences and similarities” relying on the superior resources of agriculture and forestry; set up the professional direction reasonably and reserve features; carry out the whole tutorial system of undergraduate students so as to refine the training of talents. The conclusion of this thesis can be of great significance to agricultural and forestry universities to improve the quality and characteristics of tourism management major.

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