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The Regional Difference Measurement and Convergence of Educational Assistance Efficiency:An Example from the Data of Overcome Poverty Population in the Ethnic and Border Area of Yunnan
Yan ZHANG, Junzhi FANG, Dan FANG
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202302028
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 735KB](0)
Taking the full sample data of out of poverty population in the ethnic and border area of Yunnan Province as the research object, the non-radial SBM-DEA model is used to measure and evaluate the efficiency of education assistance in Yunnan and 8 states. On this basis, the spatial auto-correlation analysis method and absolute convergence are used to explore the spatial correlation, difference and convergence in the efficiency of education assistance in the ethnic and border area of Yunnan. The research results show that the overall efficiency of education assistance in the ethnic and border area of Yunnan is not high and needs to be improved ; in terms of spatial correlation, the efficiency of education assistance is highly positively correlated, and high-efficiency areas are highly concentrated, and their demonstration leadership is obvious; in terms of convergence, there is absolute convergence in the efficiency of education assistance in Yunnan, Northwest Yunnan and South Yunnan, that is, the efficiency of education assistance in various regions will eventually converge. The research results are of great significance in assisting the government to revise and improve the relevant policies of education assistance in accordance with the heterogeneity of regions, and target and accurately promote the level of education development in areas with low efficiency and low convergence speed.
Research on the Development Path of Red Culture Tourism in Rural Areas under the Integration of Culture and Tourism
Guanyuan LI, Dongna LI
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202301026
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 673KB](0)
The red gene can give new connotation to the development of cultural tourism industry in rural areas, through vigorously excavating and deeply developing red resources, so that it can be organically embedded and integrated with the development of cultural tourism, it has become a new driving force to promote the growth of cultural tourism market in rural areas in the new era. By using the method of literature analysis, this paper analyzes and summarizes the current situation and difficulties of the development of rural red cultural tourism, and puts forward the path to optimize the development of rural red cultural tourism. The research shows that the development of rural red cultural tourism under the integration of culture and tourism should promote in-depth development based on the concept of whole-area tourism, fully rely on new technologies to strengthen marketing promotion, and take multiple measures to speed up the training of professionals, so as to promote the high-quality development of rural red cultural tourism industry, and ultimately create more economic value and social benefits for rural areas.
Driving Forces of Land Use Landscape Pattern Around Chaohu Lake Based on TM Image
Xiao LIU, Chunqiu REN, Bin DONG, Zhipeng LU, Zezhu WEI
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202301006
[Abstract](4) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 1010KB](0)
The paper takes the villages and towns around Chaohu Lake as the research area. ArcGIS was used to obtain the land use data of three periods, and Fragstats was used to analyze the changes of regional landscape pattern characteristics. Principal component analysis and grey relational analysis were used to explore the driving factors of land use landscape pattern changes. Results: (1) Agricultural land, grassland land and construction land in chaohu lake area changed greatly from 2000 to 2020, and the proportion of agricultural land and grassland land in chaohu lake area increased significantly, while the water area and forest area remained stable. (2) From 2000 to 2020, land use landscape pattern in Chaohu Lake area changed significantly. The values of NP and PD were lower, while the values of AREA_MN and AI were higher, and the degree of regional landscape fragmentation decreased. SHDI and SHEI values decreased, and landscape pattern tended to be simplified. The LSI value was from 85.6862 to 57.7913, and the CONTAG value was from 42.3149 to 49.5843. The changes of regional landscape shape and sprawl showed reasonable development. (3) Annual average temperature, annual average water level, total population and total output value of secondary industry were the main driving factors affecting the change of land use landscape pattern around Chaohu Lake.
Empirical Research on Performance Evaluation of Rural E-commerce Comprehensive Demonstration Projects in Yunnan Province
Hanke BAO, Jie MENG, Xian ZHANG, Lihong SONG
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202212063
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 726KB](0)
Rural e-commerce is a vital channel for the construction of digital villages and the implementation of rural revitalization strategy. Driven by the policy of comprehensive demonstration of e-commerce into rural areas, the environment and development level of rural e-commerce in Yunnan have been effectively improved. In order to promote the continuous improvement of comprehensive demonstration, standardize the construction and operation of projects, scientifically evaluate the performance level and measure the development level of rural e-commerce in counties, this research is intended to build a project evaluation system of rural e-commerce in counties of Yunnan Province by employing analytic hierarchy process. The outcome of the importance of performance evaluation criteria is successively logistics supply chain, transaction development scale, infrastructure, social driven forces and policy environment. Selecting the survey data of 5 comprehensive demonstration counties, the result is the performance level of all counties is medium and above with 4 in 5 counties are above 80 points, which reflects that the implementation of comprehensive demonstration plays a positive role in promoting the improvement and development of rural e-commerce environment. The results showed that, (1)The environment for the development of rural e-commerce in Yunnan Province is gradually getting better, and the overall level of e-commerce application is improving.(2)The operation effect of demonstration policies is more remarkable in counties with high level of GDP and infrastructure, such as ICT and transportation, but the effect of policy incentives is more prominent in counties with weak development foundation.(3)On the whole, there is a large room for improvement during the development of rural e-commerce in counties.
Research and Prospect of Digital Empowerment in the Context of Rural Revitalization: CiteSpace-based Bibliometric Analysis
Haixiu GONG, Wei FU
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202212018
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 1930KB](0)
Digital rural development is a key measure to achieve rural revitalization in China and an important way to realize rural informatization. Especially after the 14th Five-Year Plan and the 2035 Visionary Goals proposed to accelerate the development of digital countryside, the use of digital empowerment for rural revitalization has become the focus of scholars' discussion. This article uses CiteSpace, a visual analysis tool, to draw a knowledge map in the field of digitally empowered rural revitalization, and analyzes the current status, hotspots and thematic evolution of research in this field with the literature. The results showed that, (1) In terms of the number of publications: the appearance of works related to this field has only started since 2017, and the total number of articles has been steadily increasing in the first two years, and the total number of articles only increased significantly after the initial breakthrough in the construction of digital countryside in 2020. The issuing institutions are mainly universities and research institutes and there is less cooperation between institutions. The distribution of authors is scattered, and the cooperation is mainly sporadic. (2) Research hotspots: the research hotspots in the field of digitally empowered rural revitalization are identified according to keyword clustering: rural revitalization, digital countryside, common wealth, and digital divide. (3) Evolution of subject terms: the research trend in the field of digitally enabled rural revitalization is closely related to the development of digital technology, and the subject terms have evolved from the classic “three rural areas” to the emerging theme of rural revitalization with digital rural construction as the core, and the research hotspots have also evolved from exploring the theoretical logic of digital rural areas to focusing more on the practical applications.The focus of future rural revitalization gradually tilts toward digitalization, and research on how digitalization empowers the field of rural revitalization should be strengthened.
Research on Evaluation of Rural Vitalization Level in Fujian Province Based on Synergetic Theory
Dainan HOU, Hong JIANG, Xin WANG
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202211102
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 762KB](0)
The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China pointed out that to comprehensively promote rural revitalization, it is necessary to solidly promote the revitalization of rural industries, talents, culture, ecology and organizations. So it is very necessary to establish a complete indicator system to achieve quantitative evaluation and dynamic monitoring of the level of rural vitalization. Based on the coordination theory, the evaluation index system of rural vitalization level is constructed from the perspective of five major vitalization, and the rural vitalization level in Fujian Province is evaluated by using the variation coefficient and gray correlation analysis. The research finds that: (1) Except Xiamen city, the rural vitalization level of all cities in Fujian Province is at the middle level, and the comprehensive correlation score is within the range of 0.4-0.6, and there are significant differences in the rural vitalization level of all cities. (2) In the five dimensions of rural revitalization level evaluation, the rural ecological vitalization dimension and rural organization vitalization dimension are superior to other dimensions, and the rural talent vitalization dimension is slightly weaker than the other four dimensions. Based on the above findings, this paper puts forward countermeasures and suggestions from the perspective of five major vitalization in order to provide decision-making reference for rural revitalization and development in Fujian Province.
The Basic Connotation and Practical Path of the Common Prosperity of Peasant Spiritual Life
Lanlan LI, Yuxiong WANG
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202211134
[Abstract](2) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 597KB](0)
Common prosperity of farmers includes common prosperity in both material life and spiritual life. Among them, the common prosperity of farmers’ spiritual life refers to the “lofty and firm” of farmers in the field of spiritual life, the moral cultivation “upward and good” , the cultural confidence “endless” , and the spiritual realm “determined to struggle” . In the process of comprehensively promoting rural revitalization with Chinese-style modernization, we should take the “socialist core values” as the guidance, the development of rural industry as the basis, the rural cultural construction as the content, and the construction of grass-roots Party organizations as the guarantee, so as to promote the common prosperity of farmers’ spiritual life.
Spatial-temporal Evolution and Obstacle Degree Analysis of Urbanization Quality in Shandong Province
Lixin ZHANG, Lexin WANG, Tingting ZHU, Jiarui ZHANG
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202211092
[Abstract](0) [FullText HTML](0) [PDF 1867KB](0)
The urbanisation quality index system is constructed from five aspects: population urbanisation, economic urbanisation, social urbanisation, spatial urbanisation and ecological urbanization. The entropy method is used to determine the index weight, and the urbanization quality of Shandong Province from 2011 to 2020 is comprehensively measured. The spatial and temporal characteristics of urbanization quality development in Shandong Province are analyzed by Arc-GIS software. Finally, the obstacle degree model is introduced to study the obstacle factors affecting the urbanization quality of Shandong Province. The results show that : (1) From the temporal change of urbanization quality at the provincial level, the urbanization quality of Shandong Province in 2011-2020 is generally on the rise. The multi-year average of urbanization quality at the subsystem level is: social urbanization > spatial urbanization > population urbanization > economic urbanization > ecological urbanization. (2) From the spatial evolution of urbanization quality at the municipal level, the quality of urbanization in various regions of Shandong Province continued to improve from 2011 to 2020, and the internal differences gradually narrowed, gradually forming a regional agglomeration development pattern with Jinan and Qingdao as the “double core” and a urbanization quality pattern of “high in the east and low in the west” . (3) From the analysis of the obstacle degree of urbanization quality in Shandong Province, the built-up area (C11), the number of college students per 10,000 people (C9), and the total retail sales of social consumer goods (C7) are the main obstacle factors affecting the quality of urbanization in Shandong Province, and put forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions.
Environmental Efficiency Analysis of Large-scale Pig Farming in China: Based on the SE-SBM Model
Shiyun ZHANG, Xiaona CHENG, Qi HUANG, Wang Ge
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202212020
[Abstract](27) [FullText HTML](10) [PDF 1029KB](2)
Exploring the environmental efficiency of large-scale pig breeding in various regions in China is of great significance to guide the green development of the pig industry. Based on the panel data of 24 major pig-producing provinces in China in 2010—2020, this paper uses the SE-SBM model to measure the environmental efficiency of large-scale pig breeding in China.The results showed that the environmental efficiency of large-scale pig breeding was directly proportional to the breeding scale. The environmental efficiency of medium- and large-scale pig breeding has improved in fluctuations, and small-scale pig farming has continued to stabilize at a low level. The development of large-scale pig breeding in the eastern and central regions is better than that in the western region; Large-scale pig breeding in Shandong Province, Hebei Province and Chongqing City has a certain exemplary role for other provinces and cities; Redundancy of investment in piglets, disease prevention and control, and excessive chemical oxygen demand and total nitrogen emissions are the main reasons for the loss of efficiency in large-scale pig farming. In order to improve the environmental efficiency of pig breeding in China, it is necessary to appropriately guide the moderate scale development of pig breeding and focus on reducing resource consumption and pollution emissions.
Production Efficiency and Influencing Factors of Sweet Potato Planting Cooperatives Based on Two-stage Bootstrap-DEA Model
Xiqiu Han, Jianzhen Lu
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202212013
[Abstract](12) [FullText HTML](2) [PDF 673KB](1)
Based on the fixed observation point survey data of the national sweet potato industrial technology system in 2021, the two-stage Bootstrap-DEA and unilateral truncated regression method were used to measure the sweet potato production efficiency of specialized sweet potato planting cooperatives. The results showed that the scale efficiency of professional sweet potato planting cooperatives was relatively high, while the technical efficiency and pure technical efficiency were low, indicating that the scale effect brought by cooperatives was relatively significant, but there were great constraints on the improvement of management level and production technology. Secondly, the personal characteristics of the leaders of cooperatives have a significant positive impact on the production efficiency. The number of members of cooperatives, whether they enjoy preferential policies of the government, and the ratio of return to trading volume have a certain promoting effect on the production efficiency, while the main decision-making body of major affairs is the chairman, which has an inhibiting effect on the production efficiency. According to the results of empirical analysis, countermeasures and suggestions were put forward to promote the development of sweet potato cooperatives.
The Generation Mechanism of the Market Entry System of Rural Collective Commercial Construction Land at the County Level: Empirical Analysis Based on Multiple-Streams Framework
Bixin XIN
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202211138
[Abstract](27) [FullText HTML](5) [PDF 687KB](4)
John W. Kingdon’ s “multiple-streams framework” is a classic policy innovation analysis framework, based on the empirical analysis of the generation process of the market entry system of collective commercial construction land in Zezhou County, it is found that the multiple-streams framework can better explain the generation mechanism of this system. The “problem stream” formed by the manifestation of data and indexes, early warning of focus events, and malpractices of policy feedback, the “policy stream” constituted by policy preparation and academic research, and the “political stream” promoted by the central government’ s political pursuit, social political differences and competitive strategies of local governments, together with the policy pilot implemented by the central government, have jointly opened the “policy window” of the county-level system. It is found that the formation of the county-level rural collective commercial construction land market entry system not only depends on the three-source coupling of its own problems, policy and politics, but also is constrained by national politics, policy and law. The requirements and goals put forward by the central government have provided important policy guidance for Zezhou County, and the institutional innovation of Zezhou County also strongly supports the country’ s formal policies and institutions, which fully reflects the organic unity of top-level design and local exploration.
Comprehensive Evaluation of Ecological Civilization in Henan Province: Based on Entropy Method and Coupling Coordination Degree Model
Zhenbo CHENG, Yilong PENG
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202211137
[Abstract](12) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 964KB](1)
The construction of ecological civilization is the mission and task of realizing Chinese modernization. Quantitative measurement analysis and evaluation of the quality level of ecological civilization development in Henan Province, reveal its evolution rules in time series development, and provide reference basis and direction for the balanced development of ecology and economy in Henan Province. In this paper, economic development, ecological environment and social progress are taken as three subsystems and 15 indicators are selected to construct a comprehensive evaluation index system of ecological civilization in Henan Province. The entropy method is used to evaluate and analyze the development of ecological civilization in Henan Province from 2011 to 2020. Finally, the coupling degree and coupling degree of each subsystem of ecological civilization in Henan Province were quantitatively analyzed and classified by constructing coupling coordination degree model. The results showed that the subsystems of ecological civilization in Henan Province were in the basic coupling stage in 2011—2012, and were in the highly coupling stage in other years. On the whole, the coupling coordination degree among all subsystems of ecological civilization in Henan Province showed an increasing trend during 2011—2020, but the overall coupling coordination degree was still low. The research results can provide empirical support and policy advice for the future high-quality development of ecological economy and policy formulation in Henan Province.
The Impact of Farmland Ownership Determination on Farmer’ s Gift Expenditure: Empirical Evidence from CHFS Micro Data
Jianfeng HE, Guihong LIU, Yunqi Yang, Dungang ZANG
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202211117
[Abstract](21) [FullText HTML](9) [PDF 731KB](3)
The acquaintance society and the local characteristics of China with the lack of system have led to the expenditure behavior of farmers' human relations, forming a rural relationship network with Chinese characteristics. This paper attempts to study whether the confirmation of rural land rights affects the gift expenditure of farmers by introducing the system construction of confirmation of rural land rights and using the micro data of the China Household Financial survey in 2015. The results showed that the confirmation of farmland rights significantly inhibited the expenditure on human relations of farmers; By means of instrumental variables and substituting explanatory variables, the results are still robust; Further heterogeneity analysis found that the confirmation of farmland rights will have a greater inhibitory effect on farmers with higher gift expenditure, and have a more significant effect on families with lower age and income. The conclusion of the study not only provides empirical evidence for the impact of the system on gift expenditure but also provides practical guidance for the introduction of formal rural systems such as rural land ownership confirmation.
Land Fragmentation, Embeddedness of Cooperative Organizations and Adoption of Green Technologies by Farmers
Junkang TANG, Shiyun ZHANG, Xiaojie WANG, Wang GE
 doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202211072
[Abstract](21) [FullText HTML](6) [PDF 751KB](1)
The adoption of green technology is a key link to realize the green transformation of agriculture and an important support to promote the sustainable development of agriculture. This paper uses 429 sample data of grain business households in Changzhou, Yangzhou, Yancheng and Huai'an, Jiangsu Province, and on the basis of theoretical analysis, uses the binary Probit model to empirically analyze the impact of land fragmentation and organizational embeddedness on farmers’ green technology adoption. The results show that land fragmentation has a significant inhibitory effect on the adoption of green technology by farmers, and organizational embeddedness has a significant role in promoting the adoption of green technology by farmers. Further adjustment effect analysis found that organizational embeddedness significantly alleviated the constraint effect of land fragmentation on farmers’ green technology adoption. Therefore, from the policy perspective of promoting the adoption of green technology by farmers, it is necessary to promote centralized and contiguous land management, attach importance to the key role of organization embeddedness in promoting the green technology behavior of farmers, and improve the possibility of farmers adopting green technology.
Rural Revitalization
Role Conflict and Adjustment Strategy of Grassroots Government from the Perspective of Rural Revitalization: Qualitative Research Based on Grounded Theory
Qiongqiong WANG
2023, 17(2): 1-10.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210067
[Abstract](578) [FullText HTML](266) [PDF 995KB](6)
A reasonable role of grassroots government can improve its comprehensive governance ability and thus ensure the smooth implementation of rural revitalization strategy. However, in the new stage, there are role conflicts and contradictions in different dimensions of grassroots government. This study coded and analyzed the textual data related to the role of grassroots government under the threshold of rural revitalization through the rooting theory, and formed a three-dimensional analysis framework of situation-conflict-adjustment of the role of grassroots government under the threshold of rural revitalization based on the construction of a role conflict model. The study found that the “role conflict” of grassroots government in the context of rural revitalization has both individual characteristics and specific situations. The role conflict of grassroots government is mainly reflected in role cognition-competence conflict, role structure-institutional conflict and role field-subject conflict. Under the dual attributes, the role conflict of grassroots government should be adjusted from three dimensions: policy shaping behavior mechanism, organization cultivating ability mechanism and system reshaping structure mechanism. By analyzing and adapting the role conflict behaviors, it provides some reference values for the functional orientation of grassroots government and the steady promotion of rural revitalization strategy.
Focus, Limitation and Trend of Rural Revitalization in Southwest Ethnic Areas: A Visual Analysis Based on CiteSpace
Liuyi HE, Wen DING
2023, 17(2): 11-19.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210037
[Abstract](641) [FullText HTML](325) [PDF 1460KB](9)
By mapping the knowledge map in the field of rural revitalization in southwest ethnic areas, to explore the development context of rural revitalization research in southwest ethnic areas, in order to clarify the current situation of rural revitalization research, excavate the focus of rural revitalization research, and find its focus changes, so as to provide guidance for further research.Using CiteSpace visual analysis tool, the relevant literature on the theme of “rural revitalization” from January 2018 to may 2022 in CSSCI database was analyzed.The research achievements in the field of rural revitalization in southwest ethnic areas are constantly enriched; It has formed 13 outstanding authors represented by ZHU Dequan, ZHOU Siyu, LIU Xiaoxian, HE Liqiong, and the cooperative relationship shows the characteristics of “small concentration, large dispersion” ; Keyword clustering has identified five focus themes: rural revitalization, industrial integration, ethnic villages, rural governance, and rural tourism, which has become the focus of rural revitalization research in southwest ethnic areas.Through the analysis of research hotspots and their evolution, it is concluded that in the future, we should pay attention to the comprehensive research ability of multi fields and interdisciplinary, further improve the frequency of scientific cooperation and communication between authors and research institutions, pay attention to the support of relevant scientific research institutions in Southwest Ethnic areas, and pay attention to the connection between poverty eradication and rural revitalization, from the construction of infrastructure network facilities pay attention to scientific planning and financial policy support to improve rural digital construction.
Agricultural Economics
Research on the Optimization Path of “Xingchuang Tiandi” Policy Based on the Perspective of Attention
YiPing WANG, GuoJun YIN
2023, 17(2): 20-27.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202209107
[Abstract](644) [FullText HTML](351) [PDF 741KB](6)
How to correctly and effectively perform government functions during the operation of “Xingchuang Tiandi” is the key point of policy implementation. The policy analysis framework of “Xingchuang Tiandi” is constructed through the grounded theory method, and the policy optimization problem is discussed from the perspective of attention allocation. Taking the number of “Xingchuang Tiandi” at the national level as the outcome variable, with the help of qualitative comparative analysis method, a comparative analysis of individual policy elements and policy element combinations is carried out. The research shows that policy elements have an impact on the implementation results in the form of combination, and are divided into three types of collaborative driving paths according to the different functions performed by the government: guarantee type, configuration type, and adjustment type. Among them, the high-attention allocation of cultivation and incubation has a significant impact on the efficient implementation of policies. Under certain conditions, the high-attention allocation of resource integration and monitoring and assessment can be substituted for each other.
Research on the Impact of Fiscal Expenditure on Urban-rural Income Difference in the Yangtze River Delta Region under the Background of New Urbanization
Bentian HU, Xuan YU
2023, 17(2): 28-37.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210088
[Abstract](565) [FullText HTML](304) [PDF 867KB](0)
In the process of new urbanization, government fiscal expenditure has played an important role in urban-rural income distribution and social public services, and is an important financial guarantee for promoting urban-rural integration. Based on the relevant data of the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration from 2014 to 2020, this paper constructed an econometric model to study the impact of new urbanization and the scale and structure of fiscal expenditure on the urban-rural income gap. The index of new-type urbanization was measured by the entropy method, and it was used as the threshold variable for empirical analysis. The results showed that the level of new-type urbanization in the Yangtze River Delta was on the rise year by year, but the level within the region was unbalanced. New urbanization, the scale of fiscal expenditure, social security expenditure and expenditure on science, education, culture and health all had threshold effect. When the level of new urbanization was raised to a certain threshold value, the narrowing effect on the income gap between urban and rural areas became stronger, the role of the scale of fiscal expenditure and expenditure on science, education, culture and health turned from widening the gap to narrowing, and the role of social security expenditure turned from insignificant influence to narrowing.
Influence of Income Gap between Urban and Rural Areas on Agricultural Green Total Factor Productivity
Manyao JIANG, Xiaobing LIN, Meizhi FAN, Ruichen ZHANG
2023, 17(2): 38-43.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210017
[Abstract](671) [FullText HTML](341) [PDF 675KB](2)
Narrowing the income gap between urban and rural areas and promoting the green development of agriculture is an important part of rural revitalization, but the influence of the income gap between urban and rural areas on agricultural green total factor productivity is not yet clear. Based on the provincial panel data from 2005 to 2019, this paper empirically tested the influence and mechanism of urban-rural income gap on agricultural green total factor productivity. The results show that: urban-rural income gap significantly inhibited the improvement of agricultural green total factor productivity; The internal mechanism analysis showed that the transfer of rural labor force would positively adjust the negative correlation between them, while the income of rural residents would negatively adjust the negative correlation between them. Heterogeneity analysis showed that the negative relationship between urban-rural income gap and agricultural green total factor productivity was more obvious in the central and western regions.
The Impact of China’ s Environmental Regulation of the Pig Industry on Pork Imports
Shanshan CHEN, Hongjun TAO, Xu CHEN
2023, 17(2): 44-52.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202211112
[Abstract](13) [FullText HTML](4) [PDF 895KB](2)
Using the dynamic panel data between China and its 17 pork trade partners, this paper established an extended trade gravity model for China’ s pork imports. It estimated the dynamic effects of differences in environmental regulation levels on the scale of China’ s pork imports by applying a systematic GMM method. The empirical results showed that, there was an inverted U-shaped nonlinear relationship between the environmental regulation of China’ s pig industry and the scale of its pork imports. In the early phases, environmental regulation increased the cost of pig production and the price of pork, which encouraged pork imports of China. In the later phases, pig raising enterprises adapted to the environmental regulation, improving their industrial competitiveness through the environmental protection technology innovation and scale effect of production, which reduced pork imports of China.
Study on Farmers ’Willingness to Plant Grain and Its Influencing Factors in Hebei Province
2023, 17(2): 53-60.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210097
[Abstract](488) [FullText HTML](245) [PDF 870KB](3)
China has long attached great importance to food security. In order to deeply study the farmers ’ willingness to grow grain and its influencing factors, this paper taked Hebei Province, one of the major grain growing provinces in North China, as the research object, conducted a questionnaire survey on farmers in the province, and established a SEM model for analysis. The results showed that the factors that affect farmers ’ willingness to grow grain include policy, income and cost, and the degree of their effect decreases in turn. Among them, the impact of policy and income was positive and the cost was negative. From the relationship between various factors, the cost had a negative impact on the income. The policy helped to reduce the cost, while the positive impact of policy on the income was relatively small. On the basis of the above research, countermeasures and suggestions were put forward, including further improving agricultural related policies, protecting land resources, upgrading technology and increasing farmers ’ income from grain planting.
Effects of Information Acquisition and Risk Bearing on Farmers’ Green Technology Adoption Behavior: Microscopic Evidence from Ningxia
Yanyan MA, Mei LIU, Chenlu FAN
2023, 17(2): 61-70.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202209091
[Abstract](680) [FullText HTML](377) [PDF 788KB](1)
The promotion of green production technology has become a fundamental way to effectively reduce agricultural non-point source pollution and achieve mutual coordination between rural economic growth and environmental protection. This paper combined information acquisition and risk bearing capacity taking into the analysis framework of farmers’ green production technology adoption behavior and explained its theoretical mechanism. Based on 654 micro-survey data of farmers in Ningxia, the intermediary effect model was used to empirically test the mediating role of risk bearing in the influence of information acquisition on the adoption behavior of farmers’ green production technology. The results showed that: information acquisition has a significant positive effect on the adoption behavior of farmers’ green production technology. Farmers can access to effective information and green knowledge change their green technology cognition. The information acquisition indirectly promotes technology adoption through the improvement of farmers’ risk bearing capacity. The mediating effect of income risk, natural risk and policy risk bearing capacity of farmers accounts for 53.18%, 50.04% and 70.33% of the total effect of information acquisition on the green production technology adoption behavior. Accordingly, in order to improve the enthusiasm of farmers to adopt green production technology, we should improve the effective supply mechanism of agricultural technology information, attach importance to the information transmission and education function of media, and increase the technical training of new agricultural operating subjects.
The Measurement and Path of Rural Industry Integration Level in Southwest China under the Background of National Unified Market Construction:Based on the Perspective of Regional Cooperation
Changyu FU, Qiuchen HUANG, Wei SUN, Yaqiao ZHAO
2023, 17(2): 71-80.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210056
[Abstract](459) [FullText HTML](243) [PDF 814KB](2)
Based on the perspective of regional collaboration, the three aspects of rural industrial integration behavior, integration effect and integration sustainability were selected, and a comprehensive evaluation index system for rural industrial integration was constructed, and the level of rural industrial integration between the country and the four southwestern provinces (cities) was comprehensively measured. The panel data from 2015 to 2020 in the country and four southwestern provinces (cities) were selected, and the method of combining entropy value method and TOPSIS was used to conduct empirical comparative analysis. It is found that the level of rural industrial integration in the four southwestern provinces (cities) is significantly lower than the national average, but the growth rate is obvious. The overall integration level of the four southwestern provinces (cities) is Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan from high to low, and the growth rate is Guizhou Province, Yunnan Province, Sichuan Province and Chongqing Municipality from high to low. Finally, the four southwestern provinces (municipalities) have strong complementarity in rural industrial integration, and put forward suggestions for the integrated development of rural industries in southwest China in combination with the construction background of the national unified market.
Income Level, Environmental Regulation and Household Garbage Payment Willingness
Qingqing SUN, Shiyun ZHANG, Junkang TANG, Xiaojie WANG
2023, 17(2): 81-87.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210109
[Abstract](571) [FullText HTML](283) [PDF 668KB](5)
To improve the enthusiasm of farmers to participate in the governance of human settlements is an important part of the rural revitalization strategy. Persisting in the implementation of the “last kilometer” policy will affect the health and happiness of hundreds of millions of Chinese people. Based on 2342 household survey data from China Land Economy(CLES), this paper used group regression model and Probit model to analyze the influence of income level on household garbage payment willingness. The results show that:(1)Income level has a positive and significant impact on household garbage payment willingness;(2)Environmental regulation exerts a positive moderating effect of income level on household garbage payment willingness;(3)Age,institutional trust,environmental cognition,economic status and other variables have significant effects on farmers'willingness to pay. Therefore,the key to improve rural living environment is to raise the income level of farmers,strengthen the supervision of environmental governance by the government, and formulate the charging standard of garbage disposal for farmers according to local conditions,so as to effectively promote household garbage treatment.
Influence of Sustainable Livelihood Capital on Farmers’ Participation Behavior in Rural Tourism
Hongzhi CHEN, Wenlan WANG
2023, 17(2): 88-95.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210047
[Abstract](573) [FullText HTML](281) [PDF 747KB](5)
Sustainable livelihood capital is the cornerstone of the sustainable development of farmers’ livelihoods, and has a crucial impact on household livelihood choices. In order to promote farmers’ extensive participation in rural tourism development, increase farmers’ livelihood capital and improve their livelihood strategies, based on the perspective of sustainable livelihoods, this paper took Fujian Gold Tourism Village as the research area, and constructed a sustainable livelihood analysis framework in line with the development of rural tourism in Fujian; based on Logistic Regression Model to clarify the impact of sustainable livelihood capital on farmers’ participation in decision-making and participation, the results showed that: (1)human capital, economic capital, and institutional capital had a significant positive impact on farmers’ participation behavior; (2)social capital and natural capital were the indicators that have a significant and negative impact on farmers’ participation behavior; (3) Psychological capital was positively influencing farmers’ participation in decision-making. Finally, suggestions were put forward to improve human capital, expand agricultural functions, enhance social capital, and cultivate psychological capital.
Driven by Modernity, the Tourism Spatial Production of Traditional Villages: Take Chengkan Village, Anhui Province as An Example
Naiju WANG, Jingyu XU
2023, 17(2): 96-103.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210045
[Abstract](30) [FullText HTML](5) [PDF 710KB](6)
Traditional villages are a combination of material and intangible cultural heritage. Developing rural tourism is one of the important forces to promote the revitalization of traditional villages. This paper introduced Lefebvre ’s space production theory, and analyzed the production logic of Chengkan Village ’s tourism space from the perspective of space practice, space representation and three-dimensional representation space by using literature analysis, questionnaire survey, in-depth interview and other methods. Based on the above three dimensional space production subject differentiation demands, the paper diagnosed the blocking factors of rural tourism space production in Chengkan Village and their causes. That is, the government, enterprises and residents were the main body of space practice, the three spatial representations had different value demands, and the problems of spatial layout, characteristic positioning and benefit distribution were prominent. Combined with the local reality of Chengkan Village, the optimization countermeasures of rural tourism space production in Chengkan Village were proposed from four aspects: continuous production of Sansheng space, scientific planning to implement space construction, integration of culture and tourism space to improve tourist satisfaction and increase employment opportunities to improve villagers ’ sense of happiness.
The Circulation Mode of Yunnan Fresh Agricultural Products Based on the E-commerce Mode
Qiuchen HUANG, Changyu FU, Jianling QI
2023, 17(2): 104-108.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202205140
[Abstract](18) [FullText HTML](3) [PDF 674KB](1)
As one of the majority agricultural provinces in China, Yunnan Province has a large amount of fresh agricultural products produced throughout the year due to its special geographical location an rich and diverse climate resources. However, the overall development of agricultural products industry lagged behind in Yunnan Province with weak brands, low circulation efficiency and poor cold chain logistics. Based on the analysis of the current situation of Yunnan’ s fresh agricultural products, the investigation initially put forward suggestions for the Yunnan’ s fresh agricultural products under the e-commerce model, in order to expand the new development model.
The Impact of the Deepening of China’ s Financial Reform on the Expansion of Forest Products Trade with “the Belt and Road” Country
Chenxin FEI, Wenjie JI, Qiner JIANG
2023, 17(2): 109-115.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202209059
[Abstract](612) [FullText HTML](324) [PDF 808KB](3)
In recent years, China’ s trade economy has been developing at a high speed and has made remarkable achievements. “The Belt and Road” initiative, which takes into account the double-effective development of economy and green, also provides an important opportunity for China’ s foreign trade of forest products. The “Government Work Report” proposes to promote reform and development, and stabilize foreign trade by stabilizing finance, the relationship between China’ s financial reform and foreign trade is receiving wide attention, and how to continuously expand China’ s forest products trade with “the Belt and Road” through financial reform is worthy of deep consideration. In order to pursue the stable development of foreign trade in forest products, we should adhere to financial reform, enhance the role of finance in promoting trade, appropriately regulate the appreciation of RMB, improve the freedom of currency and financial freedom, further open up the financial market, enhance the degree of financial reform to drive the transformation and upgrading of import and export trade; further improve the relevant supporting trade services, strengthen the maritime connectivity with trade partner countries; at the same time, accelerate the cooperation with At the same time, we will speed up the negotiation and construction of free trade zones with “the Belt and Road” partner countries, pay attention to the green development of forest products, and steadily promote the sustainable development of forest products trade between China and “the Belt and Road” countries.
Research on the Optimization of Supply Chain Financing Strategies for Fresh Agricultural Products under the Cost-sharing Contract
Miaomiao WANG, Wenwen JIANG, Xiaoxi ZHU
2023, 17(2): 116-126.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210053
[Abstract](512) [FullText HTML](278) [PDF 1358KB](3)
Based on a secondary supply chain composed of fresh agricultural product suppliers and e-commerce platforms, taking into account the behavior of suppliers and e-commerce providing fresh-keeping services and financing services respectively, establishes the Stackelberg game model under the e-commerce financing and bank financing models, and discusses the optimal operation strategy of the e-commerce financing model compared with the bank financing model and its impact on the profits of fresh suppliers and e-commerce by means of comparative analysis with or without the introduction of cost-sharing contracts, and using the method of comparative analysis to explore the optimal operational strategy of the e-commerce financing model compared to the bank financing model and its impact on the profitability of fresh food suppliers and e-commerce platforms. The results of the study show that when the interest rate of e-commerce and bank interest rate meet a certain relationship, the fresh food suppliers can get the best financing model by judging the qualifying conditions; the cost-sharing contract can bring better preservation efforts and profits to the fresh food supply chain system; when the loan interest rate and cost-sharing ratio meet a certain range at the same time, the fresh food suppliers can get better profits by choosing one of the financing models. Finally, the rationality and validity of the proposed model are analyzed by numerical experiments and conclusions are drawn.
Ecology and Environment
The Coupling and Coordinated Development of Ecological Environment and Economy in Yunnan Province under the Constraints of Resources and Environment
2023, 17(2): 127-133.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210075
[Abstract](665) [FullText HTML](339) [PDF 822KB](6)
In the face of the increasing pressure of resource and environmental constraints, the contradiction between protecting the ecological environment and improving the level of economic development has become a realistic problem faced by Yunnan Province. Taking Yunnan Province as the research area, this paper explored the coupling and coordination of ecological environment and economic development in Yunnan Province from 2010 to 2020 under the constraints of resources and environment based on entropy method and coupling coordination model. The research results show that: the overall comprehensive score of economic system in Yunnan Province from 2010 to 2020 was lower than that of ecological system, and both were at a low level, and the overall coupling degree of the two systems was at a high level, the coordination level fluctuated slightly, but the overall trend was still upward. Therefore, it was proposed to improve the social infrastructure and introduce new and high technologies to speed up urban renewal; perfect the natural ecological environment protection system, strengthen and improve environmental legislation; fully explore the resource advantages and innovate the policy suggestions for tourism development.
Agricultural Carbon Emissions in Hubei Province and County-level Carbon Emission Research Based on K-means Clustering Algorithm
Zaijie ZHANG, Weifang YANG
2023, 17(2): 134-140.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202209104
[Abstract](692) [FullText HTML](349) [PDF 749KB](6)
Based on the relevant agricultural data in Hubei Province from 2011 to 2020, the IPCC carbon emission coefficient method was used to measure the agricultural carbon emission in Hubei Province. The index divided 73 county units in Hubei Province into “emission-efficiency” types, and analyzed the carbon emissions of each cluster in combination with the total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, and by-fishing. The research results show that: the total agricultural carbon emission in Hubei Province showed a downward trend as a whole, but it was accompanied by a certain inter-annual fluctuation. According to the characteristics of the fluctuation, it could be roughly classified into three stages: “continuously rising-smoothly rising-continuously decreasing” , and the overall carbon emission intensity presented declining trend; 73 county units were divided into 8 different regions based on differences in carbon emission composition. Compared with low-emission areas, high-emission areas contributed more to carbon emissions, and there was a positive correlation between the scale of carbon emissions and the total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and by-fishing; compared with the base period, HE-LE (High Emission-Low Efficiency) counties number of units had decreased; HE-LE (High Emission-Low Efficiency) areas represented by Hong'an County, Anlu City, and Shayang County were the heavy emission areas of agricultural carbon emissions in Hubei Province, and corresponding agricultural carbon emission reductions were implemented. The measures would contribute to the achievement of emission reduction targets.
Land Management
The Impact of Rural Homestead System Reform on the Efficiency of Protecting Farmers’ Homestead Rights and Interests: A Case Study of Dali in Yunnan Province
Yanchi YANG, Qi LIU, Guochun LI
2023, 17(2): 141-148.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210084
[Abstract](553) [FullText HTML](289) [PDF 739KB](2)
Using DEA method, this paper empirically studied the relationship between input and output efficiency of protecting farmers’ homestead rights and interests in the pilot reform process of rural homestead system in Dali city. On the basis of calculating the efficiency value, tobit regression model was used to analyze the key factors affecting the efficiency of protecting farmers’ homestead rights and interests, so as to seek an effective path to improve its efficiency. It was found that the efficiency of protecting the rights and interests of farmers’ homestead was positively correlated with the development of non-agricultural economy; The significant factors affecting the protection efficiency of farmers’ homestead rights and interests in Dali were the average household population, the compensation standard for land acquisition, the per capita land area of rural settlements, and the rate of confirmation and certification of homestead. In this regard, this study proposed that we have to combine the “separation of three rights” reform of rural homestead, adhere to the “one household, one house” and the guidance of village planning, fully expand the usufruct of homestead, realize the extension of the function of means of living to the function of means of production, and make deepening the reform of rural homestead system become an important engine to promote the integration of urban and rural development and increase farmers’ property income.
Zoning of Cultivated Land Quality Improvement Based on Cultivated Land Quality Grade and Limiting Factors: A Case Study of Qingyang County in Anhui Province
Xinyun XIE, Yuanyuan JIANG, Wen ZHAO, Cuiting WANG, Youhua MA, Ming MA
2023, 17(2): 149-156.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202210052
[Abstract](652) [FullText HTML](344) [PDF 1887KB](0)
Understanding the status quo of cultivated land quality is the basis for improving the quality of cultivated land, and defining the limiting factor is the key to improving cultivated land. Using spatial autocorrelation analysis and obstacle degree model to reveal the status quo and spatial distribution characteristics of cultivated land quality in Qingyang County, identify the types of land block constraints and determine the difficulty of improvement, and on this basis, divide cultivated land quality grade improvement zones. The results show that: The quality grade of cultivated land in the study area was mainly in grades 4 ~ 6, showing the spatial distribution characteristics of high in the north and low in the south, and showing strong spatial correlation. The distribution area of cultivated land limited by terrain location and irrigation capacity is the largest, and the difficulty of improving the limiting factor is generally higher in the south and lower in the north. Based on the results of cultivated land quality evaluation and restriction factor diagnosis, the cultivated land in Qingyang County was divided into key promotion areas, comprehensive promotion areas, general promotion areas, protected promotion areas and restricted promotion areas, and the relevant strategies were proposed according to the characteristics of these areas. The research results can provide a basis for the focus and direction of the cultivated land quality improvement project.
The Theoretical Sources, Essentials and Paths to Realization on Common Values of All Mankind
Quan LI, Min DU
2023, 17(2): 157-162.   doi: 10.12371/j.ynau(s).202211003
[Abstract](583) [FullText HTML](311) [PDF 602KB](6)
There is an essential difference between the common values of all mankind and universal values, which are rooted in excellent Chinese traditional culture and based on Marxist values. The common values of all mankind provide spiritual support in the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind. The common values of all mankind interpret the common cause, common ideal and common goal of human social development from different aspects. Seeking an effective path to carry forward the common values of all mankind in the world is related to the spread of Chinese culture around the world and the construction of China ’s discourse power in the international arena.

About Journal

Founded in 2007 Bimonthly

Supervisor: Education Department of Yunnan

Sponsor: Yunnan Agricultural University

Editor-in-Chief: LI Yonghe

Address: Editorial Department of Journal of Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, China

Tel: 0871-65227596