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云南农业大学学报(自然科学) 2017, Vol. 32 Issue (4) :637-642    DOI: 10.16211/j.issn.1004-390X(n).2017.04.011
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云南清香III型烟区不同移栽期对烤烟代谢和发育的影响
张鹏1, 张柳1, 王乐1, 李军营2, 普中华3, 林春1,4, 毛自朝1,4
1. 云南农业大学 农学与生物技术学院, 云南 昆明 650201;
2. 云南省烟草农业科学研究院, 云南 昆明 650000;
3. 江川县农业综合服务中心, 云南 玉溪 652600;
4. 云南农业大学 特色资源植物改良与利用研究所, 云南 昆明 650201
Effects of Different Transplanting Times on the Changes of Metabolism and Development of Tobacco Planted in Yunnan Area for TypeⅢ Mild Fragrant Tobacco Producing
ZHANG PENG1, ZHANG LIU1, WANG LE1, LI Junying2, PU Zhonghua3, LIN CHUN1,4, MAO Zichao1,4
1. College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China;
2. Yunnan Academy of Tobacco Agricultural Sciences, Kunming 650000, China;
3. Comprehensive Agricultural Service Center of Jiangchuan County, Yuxi 652600, China;
4. Institute of the Improvement and Utilization of Characteristic Resource Plants, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China

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摘要 

[目的]为探索云南清香Ⅲ型烟区不同移栽期对烟草生理代谢及生长发育的影响。[方法]在云南省丽江市永胜县永北镇,在相同栽培管理条件下对不同移栽期的云烟87进行薄膜覆盖栽培,分别为提前14d移栽(T1)、正常移栽(T2)和延迟14d移栽(T3),并取样进行农艺性状、产量、物质代谢分析。[结果]不同移栽期对应不同的气候环境,导致烟株形态、代谢及发育的改变。相对于提前14d移栽(T1)和延迟14d移栽(T3),正常移栽(T2)旺长期和成熟期烟株叶片最厚、栅栏和海绵组织比适中,烟株具有最好的株高和叶面积并收获较高的烟叶产量与单位产值。[结论]清香Ⅲ型烟区以云烟87为品种,5月初为最佳移栽期。

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张鹏
张柳
王乐
李军营
普中华
林春
毛自朝
关键词烟草   清香Ⅲ型   移栽   代谢和发育     
Abstract

[Purpose] Our aim was to study the effects of different transplanting times on changes of development and metabolism of flue-cured tobacco in Yunnan producing area for type Ⅲ mild fragrant tobacco.[Method] Tobacco cultivar Yunyan 87 were cultivated under covering of plastic film in Yongbei, Yongsheng of Lijiang City with the same methods of cultivation and management, but 3 different transplanting times of 14 day earlier (T1), normal transplanting (T2) and 14 days later (T3). The tobaccos were sampled respectively for analyzing the changes of agronomic traits, yields and metabolism.[Results] The changes of transplanting times lead to different climatic conditions, resulted in changes of their plant morphology, metabolism and development. Compared with T1 and T3, in stages of both proliferating and mature periods, leaves of T2 tobacco are the thickest, leaf areas of T2 are the largest, the ratio of its palisade and spongy tissue is more moderate, and the height of tobacco is the highest with the best yield and economic incoming per hectare.[Conclusion] With Yunyan 87 as variety of Yunnan mild fragrant typeⅢ, the best time for transplanting of tobacco seedling is the earlier May.

Keywordstobacco   mild fragrant type Ⅲ   transplanting   metabolism and development     
Received 2017-03-31;
Fund:

中国烟草总公司重大科技专项(Ts-03-20110024);云南省烟草公司科技项目(09YN03)。

About author: 张鹏(1988-),男,河南安阳人,在读硕士研究生,主要从事生物化学与分子生物学研究。E-mail:490816330@qq.com
引用本文:   
张鹏, 张柳, 王乐, 李军营, 普中华, 林春, 毛自朝.云南清香III型烟区不同移栽期对烤烟代谢和发育的影响[J]  云南农业大学学报(自然科学), 2017,V32(4): 637-642
ZHANG PENG, ZHANG LIU, WANG LE, LI Junying, PU Zhonghua, LIN CHUN, MAO Zichao.Effects of Different Transplanting Times on the Changes of Metabolism and Development of Tobacco Planted in Yunnan Area for TypeⅢ Mild Fragrant Tobacco Producing[J]  Journal of Yunnan Agricultural University, 2017,V32(4): 637-642
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