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云南农业大学学报(自然科学) 2017, Vol. 32 Issue (4) :652-658    DOI: 10.16211/j.issn.1004-390X(n).2017.04.013
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生物炭用量对烤烟生长及产量、质量的影响
邹健1, 彭云2, 王娜1, 史德2, 王锋2, 钱聪飞2, 欧阳进2, 赵正雄1
1. 云南农业大学 资源与环境学院, 云南 昆明 650201;
2. 云南省烟草公司昆明市公司, 云南 昆明 653100
Effect of Biochar Application Amount on Growth, Yield and Quality of Flue-cured Tobacco Plants
ZOU Jian1, PENG Yun2, WANG Na1, SHI De2, WANG Feng2, QIAN Congfei2, OUYANG Jin2, ZHAO Zhengxiong1
1. College of Resources and Environmental, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China;
2. Kunming Tobacco Company, Kunming 653100, China

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摘要 

[目的]为探究生物炭用量对烤烟生长及产量、质量的影响。[方法]以烤烟K326和云87品种为材料,在安宁和寻甸两个不同气候生态点进行了不同用量生物炭(分别为0、450、600和750kg/hm2)对烟株生长及烟叶产量、质量的影响试验。[结果]不同生物炭用量明显影响烤烟烟株的生长、成熟、产量、产值和烟叶化学成分,且两个试验点皆有相似规律。生物炭施入土壤后,对生长阶段的烟株呈现出明显的前期抑制与后期促进的影响,且在烟叶初烤前,两地均以600kg/hm2处理长势最好;两个试验点烤烟的产量和产值也皆以600kg/hm2处理最好;而采烤期间的烟叶SPAD值在寻甸点以600和750kg/hm2处理,在安宁点以450和600kg/hm2处理相对更为适宜;初烤烟叶化学成分协调性在寻甸以750kg/hm2,安宁以600kg/hm2处理相对更好。[结论]建议烤烟生产中生物炭施用量以600kg/hm2处理为宜。

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邹健
彭云
王娜
史德
王锋
钱聪飞
欧阳进
赵正雄
关键词烤烟   生物炭   产量   产值   质量     
Abstract

[Purpose] Our purpose was to explore the effect of biochar application amount on growth, yield and quality of Flue-cured tobacco plants.[Method] Field experiments were conducted to study the influence of biochar in different amount i.g. 0, 450, 600 and 750kg/hm2 respectively on the growth, leaves yield and quality of flue-cured tobacco plants with variety K326 in Xundian and Yun 87 in An'ning.[Results] The results indicated that tobacco plants' growth, maturity, yield, economic value and quality were significantly affected by biochar application amount. Moreover, similar tendency existed in two sites. Biochar application both resluted into undesirable growth in early stage, but better condition when approching to the harvest. Compared with the contrast, better growth, better maturity and the highest leaves yiled and economic value were obtained for the plants with biochar applied at 600kg/hm2. Meanwhile rational chemical components were found with biochar application amount at 600kg/hm2 in An'ning and 750kg/hm2 in Xundian.[Conclusion] It is suggested that biochar could be applied at 600 kg/hm2 in flue-cured tobacco production at the similar sites.

Keywordsflue-cured   biochar   yield   economic value   quality     
Received 2016-03-04;
Fund:

云南省烟草公司科技计划项目(2013YN16)。

Corresponding Authors: 赵正雄(1971-),男,云南大理人,博士,教授,主要从事烤烟营养生理与病害、肥料优化等方面的研究。E-mail:zhaozx0801@163.com     Email: zhaozx0801@163.com
About author: 邹健(1990-),男,湖南怀化人,在读硕士研究生,主要从事土壤环境改良研究。E-mail:396129016@qq.com
引用本文:   
邹健, 彭云, 王娜, 史德, 王锋, 钱聪飞, 欧阳进, 赵正雄.生物炭用量对烤烟生长及产量、质量的影响[J]  云南农业大学学报(自然科学), 2017,V32(4): 652-658
ZOU Jian, PENG Yun, WANG Na, SHI De, WANG Feng, QIAN Congfei, OUYANG Jin, ZHAO Zhengxiong.Effect of Biochar Application Amount on Growth, Yield and Quality of Flue-cured Tobacco Plants[J]  Journal of Yunnan Agricultural University, 2017,V32(4): 652-658
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