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云南农业大学学报(自然科学) 2017, Vol. 32 Issue (3) :482-487    DOI: 10.16211/j.issn.1004-390X(n).2017.03.013
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工艺环境介质氛围对初烤烟叶化学特性的影响研究
于开平1,2, 余红涛1,2, 关平1,2, 李军1, 胡劲1
1. 昆明理工大学 材料科学与工程学院, 云南 昆明 650093;
2. 云南中烟再造烟叶有限责任公司, 云南 昆明 650106
Study on the Influence of Process Environmental Medium on the Flue-cured Tobacco
YU Kaiping1,2, YU Hongtao1,2, GUAN Ping1,2, LI Jun1, HU Jing1
1. School of Material Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, China;
2. China Tobacco Yunnan Reconstituted Tobacco Co., Ltd., Kunming 650106, China

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摘要 [目的]为优化烟叶调制工艺、提高烟叶品质。[方法] 进行无氧介质环境气体氛围条件调制烟叶试验。[结果] (1)与正常调制方式相比,经无氧介质环境气体氛围调制,烟草有机常规化学成分增加,无机常规化学成分基本保持不变;(2)烟草多酚类物质增加,烟草挥发性致香成分含量增加13.74%,其中β-大马酮增加了52.41%、巨豆三烯酮增加了46.49%;(3)无氧介质环境气体氛围调制减缓了类胡萝卜素成分的降解,其中叶黄素含量增加了62.91%,β-胡萝卜素含量增加了43.40%。[结论] 无氧介质环境气体氛围调制可降低影响烟叶内在品质的化学成分的损失。
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于开平
余红涛
关平
李军
胡劲
关键词初烤烟叶   介质氛围   工艺环境   化学特性     
Abstract: [Purpose] The objective of this study was to optimize tobacco leaves modulation technology and improve tobacco quality.[Method] The modulation test of tobacco leaves under anaerobic medium condition was used.[Result] (1) Compared with normal modulation method, the change of inorganic conventional chemical content of tobacco leaves was not obvious while the organic conventional chemical content is increase.(2) The content of polyphenols increased, and the volatile aroma components increased by 13.74% totally, in which β-damascenon and megastigmatrienone increased by 52.41% and 46.49%,respectively.(3) Modulated under anaerobic medium atmosphere could slow the decompose process of carotenoid constituent, and the content of lutein and β-carotene increased by 62.91% and 43.40% respectively.[Conclusion] Anaerobic medium atmosphere modulation method could reduce the loss of chemical composition which affects on the tobacco internal quality.
Keywordsflue-cured tobacco   environmental medium   process environment   chemical properties     
Received 2016-03-09;
Fund:云南中烟技术中心科技项目(JSZX2014YL02)。
Corresponding Authors: 胡劲(1970-),男,云南昆明人,博士,教授,主要从事精细粉体材料制备与表征研究。E-mail:894559377@qq.com     Email: 894559377@qq.com
About author: 于开平(1973-),男,山东威海人,博士,高级工程师,主要从事化工工艺与设备研究。E-mail:ynykp@126.com
引用本文:   
于开平, 余红涛, 关平, 李军, 胡劲.工艺环境介质氛围对初烤烟叶化学特性的影响研究[J]  云南农业大学学报(自然科学), 2017,V32(3): 482-487
YU Kaiping, YU Hongtao, GUAN Ping, LI Jun, HU Jing.Study on the Influence of Process Environmental Medium on the Flue-cured Tobacco[J]  Journal of Yunnan Agricultural University, 2017,V32(3): 482-487
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