云南农业大学学报(自然科学)
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云南农业大学学报(自然科学) 2017, Vol. 32 Issue (2) :212-217    DOI: 10.16211/j.issn.1004-390X(n).2017.02.004
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桔小实蝇成虫对不同水果的产卵为害特点及种群动态
方薛交1, 闫振华1, 张金龙1, 朱文禄2, 张文华2, 岳蕊1, 蒋小龙3, 吴浩1, 陈国华1, 陶玫1
1. 云南农业大学 植物保护学院, 云南 昆明 650201;
2. 蒙自市植检植保站, 云南 蒙自 661100;
3. 云南省出入境检验检疫局, 云南 昆明 650228
The Characteristics of Oviposition and Population Dynamics of Bactrocera dorsalis in Different Fruit Orchards in Mengzi
FANG Xuejiao1, YAN Zhenhua1, ZHANG Jinlong1, ZHU Wenlu2, ZHANG Wenhua2, YUE Rui1, JIANG Xiaolong3, WU Hao1, CHEN Guohua1, TAO Mei1
1. College of Plant Protection, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China;
2. Mengzi City Plant Protection Quarantine Station, Mengzi 661100, China;
3. Entry Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau of Yunnan Province, Kunming 650201, China

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摘要 2014年3月-2015年3月,对云南省蒙自市石榴、枣、枇杷和桃子果园内桔小实蝇的种群动态及对不同水果的为害习性进行了系统调查。结果表明:在枇杷、枣、石榴和桃四种果园内,7-9月为桔小实蝇的发生高峰期,10月以后种群数量逐渐下降,11月至翌年4月,种群数量均维持在较低水平,4-6月间各果园内种群动态各有不同。其中,石榴园内桔小实蝇种群数量最大,其次依次为枣园、枇杷园和桃园。桔小实蝇在不同寄主果实、相同寄主不同成熟度果实的单果产卵孔数、单果产卵量及产卵孔部位均有差异:青涩枇杷果实上桔小实蝇的单果产卵孔数、单果产卵量均明显低于黄熟枇杷果实,产卵孔的分布也较黄熟果更集中于果蒂部;在石榴上产卵孔则大多分布于果梗部;在桃、枣和黄熟枇杷果实上的果蒂部和果梗部的产卵孔分布差异不大;不同果实上桔小实蝇的单果产卵孔数及单果产卵量与果实大小有一定关系,果实大的水果,如石榴和桃的产卵孔和产卵量较多于果实小的枇杷和枣。
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方薛交
闫振华
张金龙
朱文禄
张文华
岳蕊
蒋小龙
吴浩
陈国华
陶玫
关键词桔小实蝇   种群动态   产卵特点   水果     
Abstract: In this study, we conducted the detailed investigation of population dynamics and the detailed investigation of damage habit of Bactrocera dorsalis on floquat, jujube, pomegranate, and peach orchard in Mengzi City, Yunnan Province form March 2014 to March 2015. The results showed that the peak population of loquat, jujube, pomegranate, and peach orchard's B. dorsalis were exhibited from July to September. After October, the number of B.dorsalis population decreased gradually and remained at a low level till March or April next year. From April 2014 to June, the population dynamics in each orchard were different. The number of B. dorsalis in pomegranate orchard was the highest, in turn were jujube, loquat garden and peach garden. There were differences on fruit oviposition hole number, individual fecundity, and oviposition site of B.dorsalis between different hosts and different maturity at the same host. The fruit oviposition hole number and individual fecundity on green loquat were less than mature loquat,and the site of oviposition was closer to the pedicle than mature loquat. The oviporus on pomegranate distributed in fruit stem, and distributed evenly on peach jujube and ripe loquat. The fruit oviposition hole number and individual fecundity on different fruit were related to the size of fruit. Big fruit like pomegranate and peach had bigger fruit oviposition hole number and individual fecundity than small fruit like loquat and jujube.
KeywordsBactrocera dorsalis   population dynamics   characteristics of spawning   fruits     
Received 2016-01-06;
Fund:云南省科技计划项目(2013EG019);国家质检总局项目(2015K295)。
Corresponding Authors: 陈国华(1964-),女,云南昆明人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事害虫综合治理方面的研究。E-mail:chenghkm@126.com;陶玫(1963-),女,云南思茅人,教授,硕士生导师,主要从事害虫综合治理方面的研究。E-mail:taomeiynau@sina.com     Email: chenghkm@126.com;taomeiynau@sina.com
About author: 方薛交(1990-),男,湖南长沙人,在读硕士研究生,主要从事农业昆虫与害虫防治研究。E-mail:502259300@qq.com
引用本文:   
方薛交, 闫振华, 张金龙, 朱文禄, 张文华, 岳蕊, 蒋小龙, 吴浩, 陈国华, 陶玫.桔小实蝇成虫对不同水果的产卵为害特点及种群动态[J]  云南农业大学学报(自然科学), 2017,V32(2): 212-217
FANG Xuejiao, YAN Zhenhua, ZHANG Jinlong, ZHU Wenlu, ZHANG Wenhua, YUE Rui, JIANG Xiaolong, WU Hao, CHEN Guohua, TAO Mei.The Characteristics of Oviposition and Population Dynamics of Bactrocera dorsalis in Different Fruit Orchards in Mengzi[J]  Journal of Yunnan Agricultural University, 2017,V32(2): 212-217
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